By Enfield, N.J.
Lao is the nationwide language of Laos, and is additionally spoken extensively in Thailand and Cambodia. it's a tone language of the Tai-Kadai kin (Southwestern Tai branch). Lao is an severe instance of the separating, analytic language style. This publication is the main accomplished grammatical description of Lao to this point. It describes and analyses the $64000 buildings of the language, together with classifiers, sentence-final debris, and serial verb structures. certain awareness is paid to grammatical themes from a semantic, pragmatic, and typological point of view.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Lao
The remainder of this preliminary part covers language background and phonology. Part II consists of a single chapter on ﬁnal particles. Most of the attention is on sentence-ﬁnal particles, one of the most important and salient expressive resources of the language. The four chapters in Part III deal with referential expressions, including pronouns, complex noun phrase structures, and strategies for reference management. Part IV concerns the grammar of verbs and predication, including the system of aspectual-modal marking and associated sub-distinctions between verb types, the properties of basic clausal syntax, and the expression of non-canonical event types.
The work of Bickner, Hartmann, Hudak, Wilaiwan, Chamberlain, Compton, Gething, Sarawit, Strecker, and Jit Phumisak). For work on comparative Tai, see edited collections such as Gething (1975), Harris and Chamberlain (1975), Bickner, Hudak, and Patcharin (1986), Edmondson and Solnit (1988), Compton and Hartmann (1992), Edmondson and Solnit (1997), Diller, Edmondson and Luo (2007), and the monographs by Li (1960) and Luo (1997). Little of the work in this tradition was carried out in Laos itself, and many mentions of Lao and other Tai languages of Laos are often made in passing rather than being the focus of attention.
Much later, Sila’s proposals for the Lao orthography were also seen as less practical and more elitist, in opposition to fundamental principles of Phoumi’s revolutionary grammar (see below). Pierre Somchin Nginn was head of the long-standing Literary Committee, and presided over the publication of the Royal Lao Government ofﬁcial Grammar of Lao, published in 1972 (RLG 1972). Nginn’s view of Lao grammar and orthography was more progressive than Sila’s, whereby he partly followed a principle of simplicity and ‘phonetic’ spelling, while allowing for Indic etymology to be reﬂected in the spelling of borrowings, at least to the extent that existing Lao characters could facilitate this.